Fort Hartsuff State Historical Park
A while back Harland and I zipped up to central Nebraska to visit a restored military fort on what was once the western frontier. The fort was started in 1874 for the purpose of protecting settlers during Plains Indian Wars.
There are nine restored buildings to tour, all constructed primarily of concrete. The buildings are arranged around a central square or parade ground, so we started in one corner and worked our way around.
First we stopped at the Barracks where the soldiers were housed.
Each bunk consisted of a simple mattress on wooden slats. Didn’t look too comfy. But Harland thought they were just right.
Next we visited the Mess Hall,
and the Fort Kitchen.
A vintage “Cooks Creed” poster hanging on the wall proclaims, “Better wear out your pans with scouring than your stomachs with purging; and it’s less dangerous to work your elbows than your comrade’s bowels.”
Next was the first of several buildings which housed the officers and their families and servants. Each building was a duplex.
Inside were small but homey rooms. Officer’s wives entertained frequently, and so the Officer’s Quarters were the formal social center of the fort.
Up next is the Hospital.
The Hospital Steward’s (male nurse) quarters were a single room just off the main hospital floor so he could be near the patients.
Up next is the Quartermaster Stables.
It held stalls for 40 horses, a room for saddles and harnesses, and a forage room.
Up next is the Laundry.
There were three laundresses at the fort. They were provided living quarters,
and collected $13 per month from each soldier to wash his clothing. This fee was deducted from the soldier’s pay and given directly to the laundresses. Doing laundry was a three day job of mending holes, treating stains, washing with soap and a scrub board, ringing out with hand crank wringers, boiling to kill lice, rinsing, bleaching, hanging on a clothesline to dry, and finally ironing.
Up next is the Bakery. Each soldier was entitled to 1 pound of bread per day, so bread was baked twice per day, 365 days per year.
The baker was given living quarters for himself and his family, and paid for his labors.
Imagine how uncomfortable these rooms must have been in the summer right next to the wood fire heated oven.
Finally the last building was the Guardhouse.
It was used to contain prisoners- soldiers who were serving for liquor or gambling violations, and sometimes for taking leave without authorization. Cells could be quite small, in fact some were just a large wooden box.
The fort was only active for seven years. When the railroad came through the area, the fort was no longer needed, and it was abandoned in 1881. It was then sold to the Union Pacific Railroad, who intended to start an immigrant center there, but that never materialized. In 1897 the site was bought by local investors who used it for a farm headquarters until 1961 when it was donated to the state of Nebraska. The buildings had fallen into disrepair, but were restored back to their original condition, and today visitors can tour the buildings, see living history exhibits, and talk to period re-enactors.
More information about Fort Hartsuff can be found here and here.
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I love it! So much fun to step back in time. The front porches with the rockers and the nice yards…you can almost hear the children yelling and running around. Whoever did the restoration has done a beautiful job, everything is so clean and nice to see. I even loved the old wash tubs on the porch.Thank you for taking us along and I am sure glad Harland didn’t leave you in that cell! How small and uncomfortable…I would sure be good!
This is very neat, and not too far from me, either. I’ve been visiting places like this in KS and OK for research, and it’s fascinating to see how both antiquated and not so antiquated this time was. Not that long ago! Yeah, the fort was built to protect settlers, I always get a kick when I read that. About that time the Cheyenne were in their last stand mode in these parts.
I enjoy your photos and your writing. My mother grew up in Bunker Hill Kansas so I feel a special connection to the land and its beauty.
Good for you and Harland… I’m glad you’re able to get away like this from time to time.
I love places like this and your pictures – as always – made me feel like I was there too.
I can’t even imagine how hot it must have been in the baker’s quarters – but I bet it smelled sooooo good. 🙂
What an interesting place. Great photos, I felt like I was walking through with you.
This is in the style of what us subject of Queen Elizabeth the second would call “Victorian” 1874. So it would be that. I am not sure if you would call it the same.
I find these posts very beautiful in their practical way. I did once visit one in Western Nebraska or Wyoming. Fort Laramie ?? But I think that would be established earlier.
It would be interesting to see the English equivalent in India from the days of the Raj. And compare.
I really love all of the different rooms of the Fort. The kitchen appealed to me a lot. I feel like if I lived back then, I would like to be in the kitchen cooking meals for the hungry soldiers. Also, I had a vision of the laundress workers. I was imagining the conversations that went on as the 3 of them sat around mending the clothing. I feel like they would have worked their fingers til they bled from being chapped and cracked as laundry back then was no easy task. I just had this vision of the women being close friends as they worked side by side and shared their worries, fears, dreams, happy things, and sad things. Thanks for this post, I enjoyed it!
I agree with you about the laundresses, but I also think their job must have been really hard in the winter scrubbing laundry in the biting cold.