American Coot

Last week Harland and I made an early morning visit to Squaw Creek National Wildlife Refuge. It’s a busy time of year there with many species of migrating birds passing through. This week I’ll share all the different birds we saw with you.

Up first, is one of my favorite birds, the American Coot, also known as the Mudhen.

According to Wikipedia,

The American coot (Fulica americana), also known as a mud hen, is a bird of the family Rallidae. Though commonly mistaken to be ducks, American coots belong to a distinct order. Unlike the webbed feet of ducks, coots have broad, lobed scales on their lower legs and toes that fold back with each step in order to facilitate walking on dry land. 

American Coot

photo credit: Wikepedia

Coots live near water, typically inhabiting wetlands and open water bodies in North America. Groups of coots are called covers or rafts. The oldest known coot lived to be 22 years old.

The American coot is a migratory bird that occupies most of North America. It lives in the Pacific and southwestern United States and Mexico year-round and occupies more northeastern regions during the summer breeding season. In the winter they can be found as far south as Panama. Coots generally build floating nests and lay 8–12 eggs per clutch. Females and males have similar appearances, but they can be distinguished during aggressive displays by the larger ruff (head plumage) on the male. American coots eat primarily algae and other aquatic plants but also animals (both vertebrates and invertebrates) when available.

The American coot is listed as “Least Concern” under the IUCN conservation ratings. Hunters generally avoid killing American coots because their meat is not as sought after as that of ducks.

Coot chicks have conspicuously orange-tipped ornamental plumes covering the front half of their body that are known as “chick ornaments” that eventually get bleached out after six days. This brightly colored, exaggerated trait makes coot chicks more susceptible to predation and does not aid in thermoregulation, but remains selected for by parental choice. These plumes are not necessary for chick viability, but increased chick ornamentation increases the likelihood that a chick will be chosen as a favorite by the parents. Experimental manipulation of chick ornamentation by clipping the bright plumes has shown that parents prefer ornamented chicks over non-ornamented ones.

American Coot young

photo credit – Wikipedia

I have to confess, I’ve always thought that they were just ordinary ducks. I had no idea they weren’t ducks, that they had lobed scales instead of foot webbing, and the kids were so, well, unattractive. Sorry, Mama Coot.

Anywho, my favorite thing about coots is watching them feed. I took a video for you to see for yourself. All the head bobbing and diving is so cute:

 Check back all this week to see the rest of the birds at Squaw Creek, among them sandhill cranes, white faced ibis, great egret, and much more.

Stay tuned…



Cattle, corn, wheat, beans, mud, snow, ice, and drought. Plenty of fresh air and quiet. Our life is sometimes heartbreaking, sometimes joyous, but never boring.

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4 Responses

  1. Rebecca says:

    Great Post!!

  2. Glenda says:

    I have never visited any wetlands to see these birds before. Thanks for the pictures, video and most of all the education!

  3. Jeanne L says:

    Thanks for the education! We see coots every winter on the reservoir down in the valley. I didn’t know they’re not in the duck family! Learn something new every day! That video is really cute! I wish we could see their babies, but they don’t nest in this area.

  4. Linda says:

    I’ve never seen the babies, but the adults are pretty common here. They’re the real sign of winter. When the first coot arrives, you know that things are cooling down to the north. In the same way, they’re among the last to leave. One day they’re here, flocking up, and the next, they’re just gone. I always miss them in the summer. You’re right — they’re fun to watch.

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