National Orphan Train Museum

Orphan Train Museum

As part of our weekend road trip around north central Kansas (plus a side trip into Nebraska), my husband and I stopped Saturday afternoon at the National Orphan Train museum in Concordia, KS.  The Orphan Trains are a rich and facinating part of American history, but few know much about them these days. The museum and nearby research center are dedicated to changing that. Housing a collection of artifacts and orphan’s stories, it is a walk back in time. In the early 1850s, it is estimated that about 30,000 children were living on the streets of New York city.

Street Children

Two charity organizations, The Children’s Aid Society, and the New York Foundling hospital started a program to place these vagrant children with families throughout the country. Starting in 1854, groups of children with 2 or 3 agents from the Children’s Aid Society,


were put on trains headed west.

Orphan Train

Small towns were notified ahead of time to expect the trains.

Orphan Train Flyer

Prospective parents would fill out applications seeking approval for taking a child home. At each town, the children, ranging in age from babies to teenagers, were looked over, interviewed, and most were taken into homes of pioneer families. The parents were required to sign a document stating they would treat the child well.

Children's Aid Society Card

Unfortunately, some were not treated well, and ran away or were placed with another family. But most were eventually adopted as family members.

Orphan With Adoptive Parent

The orphan trains continued until 1929, and it is estimated that about 200,000 children were placed during the 75 years the program continued. It is thought today that 1 in 25 Americans has a family member who stepped off an Orphan Train into a new life.

If you would like to learn more about the Orphan Trains, you may visit the National Orphan Train Museum website here.

Next on the north central Kansas weekend road trip is the Pawnee Indian Village Museum. Learn about the largest and most powerful of the groups who ever lived on the central plains, and see the remains of one of their earth lodges.  See you tomorrow.


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Cattle, corn, wheat, beans, mud, snow, ice, and drought. Plenty of fresh air and quiet. Our life is sometimes heartbreaking, sometimes joyous, but never boring.

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44 Responses

  1. Lee Ann L. says:

    I never knew that this place existed (until now)! I’ve read about the orphan trains and have been fascinated with the history.

    • Suzanne says:

      Hello Lee Ann,
      The orphan’s stories are facinating – I didn’t know much about this either until I visited the museum, but then I did some research online, and there is a lot there about this subject.
      Thanks for stopping by.

  2. Thank you so much for this accurate, concise posting on the history of the orphan train movement of 1854-1929. As the granddaughter of a rider, and the author of 2 books on the subject, I just returned from Kansas myself having been invited by the Salina Arts & Humanities Commission to speak for two week to local schools and organizations. I also visited the museum in Concordia and met with students there as well.
    Although I am an author, my true passion is to spread the word about the orphan trains so that one day, we will be able to stop any person on the street and ask about this period in history and the response will always be, “Yes! I know about the orphan trains!”
    Thank you, from my heart, for helping to spread the word…the accurate word!

    Granddaughter of Oliver Nordmark, Orphan Train Rider to Kansas

    • Suzanne says:

      Hello Donna,
      I’m so pleased you enjoyed this, and thank you much for sharing your story. I’m not sure how this part of our history has been overlooked. It’s so compelling, and affects so many Americans whether they are aware of it or not.
      Stop by again sometime and Thank you again.

  3. I love this! Thank you for sharing!

    Tiffany in Topeka

  4. Glenda says:

    We used to read Capper’s Weekly and it was full of letters of folks who had been those orphans! What interesting stories they had to tell and how sad that we are losing our “living history” every day.

    • Suzanne says:

      Hello Glenda,
      I’m glad there are places like this museum that are working to keep Americans aware of their shared history.
      Take care,

  5. Julie says:

    Wow…I never knew this. How come? Is it in the history books? And if not, why not? I love that you share such amazing history with us. Thank you so much for that. Its a unbeliveably sad story. Beautiful building…

    • Suzanne says:

      Don’t know why it’s not in the history books. I don’t recall hearing about it in school. But I’m glad the museum is there to get the word out.
      Thank you!

      • Lee Shelley says:

        Not sure about not being in History Books. Sometimes teachers would mention things in class (depending on how much knowledge the teacher had. It IS mentioned in some books – amazing what we can learn through reading. I would enjoy visiting the museum.

  6. Lee Ann L. says:

    Hi Suzanne,

    I don’t know how to get blogger to reply directly back to you. I did it in the last comment and apparently, no one gets notification of comments and/or replies. I also commented back this time around too; but, decided to come back here and put it in here. I hope you get it as I have no other way of letting you know the answer. 🙂

    We vacationed in the Springfield, MO area as that is where most of Dan’s family lives.

    Lee Ann

  7. What a great story! I am adopted and so is my brother. My husband and I also adopted two children (ages 6 and 7) from Russia. We also have a loving 22 year old daughter!

    I thank God everyday for finding me a loving home with parents that love and adorded me, and that is how I feel about all my children.
    How lucky I am to be choosen!

    As Always love your blog,


  8. Melanie says:

    Interesting post!! Sounds like I will have to take a tour up north and check some things out for myself!! I keep thinking that our family should do some day-tripping around Kansas–just haven’t gotten to it! Maybe someday–if it ever slows down long enough 🙂

  9. Shailaja says:

    I was intrigued by the term ‘orphan train’ in the name of the museum until I read the brief history given by you. And I was really touched. I hope, some day, the hundreds of street children in my country would also be able to find loving homes.

  10. Oh my gosh! I had no idea there were that many children living on the streets in NYC back then. Unbelievable! It’s got me wondering how they lost their parents. I will check out the website today. My father was an orphan. His mother died giving birth and his father left after that. What a sad story. Well, he turned out great in the end. He is the best father ever. He married my mom and had 6 children and they are still married today. Very interesting post!

    • Suzanne says:

      Hi Bonnie,
      Some were orphans, but some had parents that coudn’t take care of the children they already had, and so they gave some of them up. It’s sad.
      Thank you for visiting.

  11. Teresa says:

    Fascinating. I knew about the orphan trains, but I didn’t know about the museum. That would be a wonderful visit. It’s amazing how many children ended up orphaned and on the streets. By the way, I have a new url. I hope you will come visit.


  12. Mrs. H says:

    Here in southeast Kansas, I know an older lady, now in her late 60s/70s, who came to Kansas in the early/mid 1920s. She was a toddler when she came as an orphan on one of the orphan trains from the Eastern U.S.

    • Suzanne says:

      Mrs. H
      It’s just amazing how many people there are who either were on the orphan trains, or know someone who was. Thank you for sharing your story.

  13. Barbara says:

    If I had not been adopted out and came to Kansas I would have been put in an orphanage.

  14. Linda says:

    Since I’ve had the hobby of genealogy for 41 years, getting to see the Orphan Train station was pretty cool.


  15. Sylvie says:

    Oh what sad pictures!

  16. Elaine Snively says:

    Have you read: Train To Somewhere by Eve Bunting? It is a children’s book,
    but well worth reading. It chokes me up each time I read about the older
    girl who is the last one on the train.

  17. aletha says:

    I love to read and I have read about them and some of the life that some lead as slaves what a shame that some had to go thru that but it still was so interesting to see photos and read what you wrote.

    • Suzanne says:

      Hi Aletha,
      Yes, it’s sad to read about those orphans who landed in not so nice homes. Some of them though ran away and eventually ended up in good homes. A fascinating part of history.

  18. Carrie T says:

    Isn’t that just a heartbreaking place to visit. I could just cry looking at how sad those children were. My gma’s family actually took in an orphan but she ended up running off to try to find her real family in NY and they never heard from her again. It was pretty sad.

    • Suzanne says:

      Oh, that is so very sad. When I see the photos of the orphan children I just want to reach into the picture and take them home. Indeed a sad time for them, but thankfully most of the orphans on the trains ended up having happy lives.

  19. Ruth says:

    I first learned about the orphan trains in the early 60’s when my mother-in-law told me that my husband’s paternal grandmother had come to Iowa on one. I’ve known about the museum for some time, and would love to visit there, but strangely, my husband is not the least bit interested.

    • Suzanne says:

      Hmmm…well maybe a visit would spark his interest. I love history of any kind, but for some people, history is just not their bag. Everyone’s different.

  20. Ralph Swain says:

    I am an associate professor of history and now that I am “retired,” I continue to teach U.S. history courses online for several community colleges. As part of the requirements in my classes, I have my students study the history of the orphan trains. So many of the students when they first enroll in my class say they don’t like history or hated it when taking it in school. But after they find out about the rich and colorful history of America, and the good…the bad…and the ugly of our heritage, they come to be fascinated by history. The story of the orphan trains, rarely found in textbooks or taught in our schools, is just one of many legacies that this nation has to offer. It is an endearing and poignant story, but one that must be told.

  21. Joe DeFilippo says:

    The song “Orphan Train” is now on You Tube

    Christina Baker Kline (author of “Orphan Train” -book) posted

    the song on her Facebook page

    Take a look and listen!

    Look forward to your response

    Joe DeFilippo

  22. Susan says:

    Need help….would love to find out if my grandfather was on the Orphan Train.
    I do know he was adopted…said on death certificate…born in Marshall,MO.
    Have found the history on parents…but do not know if that was the adopted parents.
    Have contacted the court house in that county…. they have no one adopted around that time.
    Looking a few yrs.before or after… with my grandfathers name.

    Where do i get records of the the Orphan Train….that stopped in Marshall Missouri.
    They seem to know nothing about this.

    thank you

  23. Mary mattox says:

    I would like to speak with some one about my grand mother’s please contact me

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